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MOT


Answer

If your vehicle doesn't have a current MOT certificate, you can only drive it to or from a pre-arranged MOT appointment or to or from a pre-arranged repair appointment to have defects remedied that were discovered on a previous test. You can also drive your vehicle on a road without road tax in these circumstances too but your vehicle must be insured. However, not having an MOT may have implications for the validity of your insurance - you would need to check this with your insurer.

The only way you could lawfully move a vehicle without an MOT, other than in the circumstances described above, is on a trailer or recovery vehicle so that all four wheels are off the ground.

Note that:

  • If a vehicle has failed an MOT you can't drive it away from the garage if any of the defects were classed as being dangerous. Dangerous defects mean a direct and immediate risk to road safety or have a serious impact on the environment - do not drive the vehicle until they've been repaired.
  • You will commit an offence if you park a vehicle without an MOT on the road.
  • The law makes no mention as to how far you can go for an MOT but we would suggest the distance is kept as short as possible because even though you are exempt from having a valid MOT certificate in the circumstances described above, if you are stopped by the police you could still be prosecuted for any defective parts on your vehicle e.g. exhaust, brakes and tyres etc. If you call in at shops etc. on your way to the MOT, it may be held that you are using the vehicle for other purposes and the above exemption won't apply. The further you travel the more likelihood there is of your vehicle triggering an ANPR camera and you being stopped.
  • You can get an MOT up to a month (minus a day) before it runs out and keep the same renewal date.
  • You can be fined up to £1,000 for driving a vehicle without a valid MOT.


Answer

Yes. Any driver who drives a vehicle, whether it belongs to them or not, has a responsibility to ensure that they are insured to drive the vehicle, that the vehicle is fully road legal, taxed and MOT'd.

If you are stopped by the police it is you as the driver who will face prosecution. Under certain circumstances the keeper may also be prosecuted.


Answer

On Sunday 20th May 2018 five changes were made to the way the MoT test is conducted for cars, vans, motorcycles and other light passenger vehicles in England, Scotland and Wales.

CHANGE 1
Defects discovered during the MoT will be categorised as being either dangerous, major or minor. It will depend on the type of defect and its seriousness as to which category the MoT tester places it in. Additionally, the tester will also provide guidance about issues you need to monitor in relation to the vehicle – these are referred to as 'advisories'. The new categories have meanings shown in the table below:

Item result

What it means about the item

How it affects your MOT result

Dangerous

A direct and immediate risk to road safety or has a serious impact on the environment. Do not drive the vehicle until it's been repaired.

Fail

Major

It may affect the vehicle's safety, put other road users at risk or have an impact on the environment. Repair it immediately.

Fail

Minor

No significant effect on the safety of the vehicle or impact on the environment. Repair as soon as possible.

Pass

Advisory

It could become more serious in the future. Monitor and repair it if necessary.

Pass

Pass

It meets the minimum legal standard. Make sure it continues to meet the standard.

Pass


CHANGE 2
Diesel vehicles with a diesel particulate filter (DPF ) must comply with stricter limits for emissions. If you are uncertain as to whether your vehicle is fitted with a DPF, check your vehicle's handbook or contact an approved dealer. If the MoT tester is able to see smoke of any colour coming from your vehicle's exhaust or if they find evidence that the DPF has been tampered with, your vehicle will receive a major fault defect.

CHANGE 3
Additional items added to the MoT test are:

  • Daytime running lights on vehicles first used from 1st March 2018. The majority of these vehicles will have their first MoT in 2021 when they are 3 years old
  • Headlight washers on vehicles first used from 1st September 2009 (if fitted)
  • Reversing lights on vehicles first used from 1st September 2009
  • Obviously underinflated tyres
  • Contaminated brake fluid
  • Fluid leaks that pose an environmental risk
  • Brake pad warning lights and whether brake pads/discs are missing

CHANGE 4
The format of the MoT certificate and the website that allows you to check a vehicle's MoT history (see link below) has changed to include the new types of defects. https://www.gov.uk/check-mot-history

CHANGE 5
Some cars, motorcycles and other light passenger vehicles over 40 years old won't need an MoT providing they haven't been substantially changed. Presently, only vehicles first built before 1960 are exempt from the requirement to have an MoT. When the rules change on 20 May 2018, vehicles won't require an MoT from the 40th anniversary of when they were registered e.g. if a car was first registered on 31st May 1978, it won't need an MOT from 31st May 2018. You can check the date when a vehicle was registered via the link above in change 4.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

  • The maximum fees that MoT garages can charge are shown in the link below: https://www.gov.uk/getting-an-mot/mot-test-fees
  • You can get an MOT up to a month (minus a day) before it runs out and keep the same renewal date. You can obtain a free MoT reminder via text or email one month before your MoT is due – see the link below: https://www.gov.uk/mot-reminder
  • The government have decided to leave the time at which a vehicle will require its first MoT at 3 years and not extend it to 4.
  • You can be fined up to £1,000 for driving a vehicle without a valid MOT.


Answer

MOTs generally
Due to the unfolding Covid-19 situation, cars and vans and motorcycles due their MOT from 30 March 2020 will have their MOT extended by 6 months. This will continue until confirmed otherwise.

This will allow vehicle owners to continue to be able to get to work where this absolutely cannot be done from home or do essential shopping.

Vehicles must be kept in a roadworthy condition and drivers can be prosecuted if they drive an unsafe vehicle.

The following link provides further information about MOTs due before 30 March:

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-mots-for-cars-vans-and-motorcycles-due-before-30-march-2020

The government has extended the requirement for certain businesses to close, but garages are allowed to stay open.

This is to make sure that essential vehicle maintenance and repair to keep vehicles, goods and key workers moving and safe can continue.

MOTs – which vehicles are eligible?
Your MOT certificate will be extended by 6 months if it was due to expire on or after 30 March 2020 and your vehicle is a car, motorcycle, light van or other light vehicle (please see the link below):

https://www.gov.uk/getting-an-mot/mot-test-fees

The extension also applies to these types of vehicles that are due their first MOT test on or after 30 March 2020.

MOTs – how does the extension work?
Your vehicle's MOT expiry date will be automatically extended by 6 months if it's eligible. This will be done about 7 days before it's due to expire.

This means that:

  • your vehicle will still have a valid MOT certificate for an extra 6 months
  • you can still tax your vehicle - you might need to wait to do this until later in the month if both your MOT and vehicle tax run out in the same month – see 'TAX' below
  • your insurance will still be valid
  • your vehicle's record will be updated so the police can see you have a valid MOT

You will not get a new paper MOT certificate with the new expiry date on it.

For example, your vehicle's MOT was due to expire on 3 May 2020. This will automatically be extended to 3 November 2020. You will need to get your MOT by this date.

MOT extension – what do I need to do?
Your vehicle's MOT expiry date will be updated about 7 days before it was originally due to expire.

  1. Three days before your MOT was originally due to expire, check the expiry date has been extended via the link below:

    https://www.gov.uk/check-mot-history

  2. If the expiry date has not been extended 3 days before it was due to expire, email covid19mot@dvsa .gov.uk


You need to include these details in the email:

  • the date your MOT expired
  • your vehicle registration number (number plate)

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency will then:

  • update your vehicle's record
  • email you to tell you this has been done

MOT due on or after 1 August 2020
Your MOT certificate will not be extended if your vehicle's MOT expires on or after 1 August 2020. You must book an MOT as usual.

MOT centres are open now for you to get an MOT.

You can get an MOT up to a month (minus a day) before it runs out and keep the same renewal date.

For example, if your MOT runs out on 2 August, the earliest you can get an MOT to keep the same renewal date for next year is 3 July.

When you should not take your vehicle for its MOT
You should not take your vehicle for its MOT if either:

  • you're self-isolating as you or someone you live with has coronavirus symptoms
  • you're being advised to shield as you are extremely vulnerable from coronavirus - there's different guidance for shielding for England, Scotland and Wales.

Some MOT centres will collect your vehicle, carry out an MOT, and return it if you're being shielded. Contact your local MOT centres to find out if they offer this service.

The Department for Transport is working with insurers and the police to make sure you are not unfairly penalised for not being able to get an MOT.

MOT – keep your vehicle safe to drive
You must make sure your vehicle is safe to drive ('roadworthy'). It can be unsafe even if your MOT expiry date has been extended.

Find out:

  • The link below explains how to check your vehicle is safe

https://www.gov.uk/check-vehicle-safe

  • The link below explains what rules you need to follow to maintain your vehicle

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-highway-code/annex-6-vehicle-maintenance-safety-and-security#vehiclemain

If you take your vehicle for its MOT and it fails
Your MOT extension will no longer apply if you take your vehicle for its MOT and it fails. Your vehicle will need to be fixed and pass its MOT before you can use it again.

Example
Your vehicle's MOT was originally due to expire on 3 May 2020, but has been extended to 3 November 2020. You take your vehicle for its MOT in August and it fails. You must stop using the vehicle until it's fixed and passes another MOT test.

Get unsafe vehicles repaired
Take your vehicle to be repaired at the nearest open garage if it's unsafe. These are allowed to stay open during the coronavirus outbreak. You can be fined up to £2,500, be banned from driving and get 3 penalty points for driving a vehicle in a dangerous condition.

MOTs – lorries/busses
Lorries, buses and trailers will be exempt from needing an MOT for 3 months from 21 March 2020. You might need to apply for this, depending on your vehicle - please see the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-mots-for-lorries-buses-and-trailers

TAX
If your vehicle tax and MOT run out in the same month.

You cannot renew your vehicle tax until your MOT expiry date has been extended. It will be extended a few days before it was originally due to expire. This means you might need to wait until later in the month to tax your vehicle.

You can check that the MOT expiry date has been extended before you tax your vehicle via the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/check-mot-history

You can tax:

The above has been taken from information written and supplied by the DVLA, DfT and .GOV

Will the fact that my MOT has been extended affect my car insurance?
If you are concerned that the government's policy of extending vehicle MOTs may have affected your car insurance, we would suggest you contact your insurer and check that you still have the same level of cover.

Contact your local police force

Enter your town or postcode to see information from your local force

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