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Terrorism & extreme political activity


Answer

Yes, you should. The police will take seriously any reports of this nature. Even if you think it is nothing, it may be valuable intelligence to the police.
 
If you contact your local police force with as many details as possible they will pass the information on to the relevant department. 

If you feel that there is an immediate threat then call 999, alternatively you can contact them via 101. You can also report it to the Anti-Terrorist hotline on 0800 789 321.


Answer

Contact your local police via their 101 number with as much detail as possible about the person and give the person's name and address and the address of the garage. They will then pass the information onto the relevant department. Also seek advice from the police on how to warn other garage owners and neighbours as to any possible danger.

The Police will then consider what action to take.  Reporting is very important as intelligence gathering and evidence will need to be collated.

You can also report it to the Anti-Terrorist Hotline on 0800 789 321.
 
If you feel that the situation is an emergency then you should always dial 999. 


Answer

You should make a note of the description of the person and any vehicle they may be travelling in and pass the information onto your local police via their 101 number.

However, if there is an immediate threat, you should use the 999 emergency number.

You can also report it to the Anti Terrorist hotline on 0800 789 321.


Answer

Everyone is entitled to his or her own beliefs, however, there are offences that can be committed when a person uses threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour, or displays any written material which is threatening, abusive or insulting and he has the intention to stir up racial hatred or, looking at all the facts, that is the likely outcome of their actions.
 
This offence can be committed in a public place or in a private place, such as a house, but the offence is only committed in a private place if people outside can see or hear the offensive material.

If the man next door has extremist beliefs, as long as the material is kept within his private dwelling then he commits no offence. Unfortunately, the St George's flag has in the past been a symbol for certain right wing political parties but it does not mean that a person who displays such a flag shares those views, they could be an avid football fan and/or very patriotic, which are two entirely different things.

It is not currently a criminal offence to sell or own Nazi memorabilia in the UK.


Answer

If you see what you believe to be a suspicious package, notify someone in authority immediately, a security guard, police officer. They will then be able to take the appropriate action. If you cannot find anyone to report this to then you should dial 999 and provide details of the location. 

Do not touch or move the package yourself. Although it is likely to be a harmless package, you should not interfere with it in any way for your own and others safety.


Answer

If you receive such a letter then put the letter down immediately, do not open it.  Call the police immediately on 999 who will advise you on the best course of action. If possible, clear the room the letter is in and do not allow anyone else to touch it. 

Many of the ‘white powder letters’ turn out to be harmless things like cement and crushed sweets. However it is not worth taking any risks, so do not open the letter as the substance may be potentially dangerous.


Answer

You should make a note of the website address and report this to your local police station, via their non-emergency 101 number.

It will depend on the circumstances as to whether the police are able to take any action. There will be a specialist department within the Force that will gather all information and take appropriate action.

If you come across any websites that are inciting racial hatred or other hate crime (see Q643), please report it to the True Vision organisation. To visit their website please see the Related Information.


Answer

These definitions are provided by the Terrorism Act 2000.

Terrorist is a person who,

  • has committed certain offences under the Terrorism Act 2000, (for example, is linked to a proscribed organisation, provides money/property he suspects will be used for purposes of terrorism, uses money/property for purposes of terrorism) or
  • is or has been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism.

Terrorism means the use or threat of action where

  • the action,
    • involves serious violence against a person,
    • involves serious damage to property,
    • endangers a person's life, other than that of the person committing the action,
    • creates a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of the public, or
    • is designed seriously to interfere with or seriously to disrupt an electronic system or,
  • the use or threat is designed to influence the government or international governmental organisation or to intimidate the public or a section of the public, and
  • the use or threat is made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause.

If you have any information about anyone you believe to be involved in terrorism activity then contact your local police force or the Anti Terrorist Hotline on 0800 789 321.


Answer

You will need to check with your airline how many and what size bags you can take onboard with you.

There are restrictions on what items you can take in your hand luggage and hold luggage when boarding a plane.  Please see the Government website ‘Hand Luggage Restrictions at UK Airports' in Related Information for the full details of these restrictions.     

Passengers can take more than one piece of hand baggage onboard. However, this depends on the airport having installed extra security measures and it also depends on the airline's policy.
 
The best advice is to contact your airline prior to travelling as not all airports or airlines have changed their policy.

Passengers boarding planes in EU countries  can carry a very limited quantity of 'liquids' in their hand luggage. However, the containers must be no more than 100ml in capacity and contained in a single, transparent, re-sealable plastic bag (maximum bag size: 1 litre).

Liquids include:
 
  • Gels,
  • Pastes,
  • Lotions,
  • Toothpaste,
  • Hair gel,
  • Soups,
  • Syrups,
  • Any other liquid/solid mixtures,
  • The contents of pressurised containers, for example:
  • Drinks,
  • Perfume,
  • Deodorant,
  • Shaving foam,
  • Other aerosols.

The following liquids are also permitted through the airport security search point:
 
  • Prescription medicines in liquid form sufficient and essential for the flight (e.g. diabetic kit), as long as verified as authentic.
  • Baby milk and liquid baby food (the contents of each bottle or jar must be tasted by the accompanying passenger).

Passengers are asked to include items which could contain liquids (e.g. flasks, plastic containers, bottles etc.) in their hold luggage. Once through security, passengers can buy any necessary items in the departure lounge.
 
The dimensions of hand luggage must not exceed 56cm x 45cm x 25cm (22in x 17.7in x 9.8in approx.) including wheels, handles etc. Other bags such as handbags may be carried within the single item of cabin baggage. However, check with your airline before you travel. All items carried by passengers will be screened by X-ray.

Laptops and large electrical items (such as hair dryers) must be taken out of the bag and placed into a tray to be scanned separately from the other items in the bag. Musical instruments are allowed however they will have to be screened separately. Pushchairs and walking aids must be X-ray screened. Wheelchairs are allowed on board but must be thoroughly searched.
If passengers have any questions on their travel arrangements, or security in place at airports, they are advised to contact the airport they are using or their airline.


Answer

It is not illegal to take photographs or video footage in public places unless it is for criminal or terrorist purposes.

There will be places where you have access as a member of the public, but will have to ask permission or may be prevented altogether. These could include stately homes, museums, churches, shopping malls, railway stations and council / government buildings. You need to check the situation out on a case by case basis.

The taking of photographs of an individual without their consent is a civil matter. Taking a photo of a person where they can expect privacy (inside their home or garden) is likely to be a breach of privacy laws. The other issue to consider is what you plan to do with the photograph afterwards. If the picture is of an individual, perhaps as a portrait or character study, and you intend to publish it in any way (on the internet, in a book or at a gallery), it would be appropriate and may avoid unnecessary complications if you ask that person for permission, many media organisations are international and will not accept an identifiable photograph of a person without a signed release. If the photo could be seen as defamatory in some way then you would leave yourself open to civil proceedings.

The country is in a heightened state of alert (and will be for many years) because of potential terrorist attacks. So called 'soft targets' are particularly vulnerable. Security staff, the general public and police are much more aware of anyone taking photographs and you may be approached by someone, such as the police, when you are taking photographs near or in potential targets. Generally the police cannot seize the camera or memory card unless you are committing an offence or suspected of terrorist activity.

Finally, it is a specific offence to elicit information (which would include photographs) about members of armed forces, police officers or the intelligence services, which is likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism, or publishes or communicates information of that kind. The law does not state that the person who gets the information has to use the information for terrorism purposes, just that the information is likely to be useful to a terrorist. There is a defence of 'reasonable excuse' for this offence, but it would be for the suspect / defendant to raise this matter.

Photographers need to be aware of this provision and be cautious when taking such photographs. The sort of occasion when it could cause a problem may be, for example, at an anti-war protest, when there may be a number of counter terrorism and intelligence operatives working in the area. If an officer makes an arrest for this offence it could cause a lot of unnecessary time wasted for both the officer and yourself, although that may only be until the facts are clarified.


Answer

Radicalisation is the process whereby an individual adopts extreme religious, social or political ideals. It can take place in many forms but is particularly prevalent on social media. Terrorist groups such as Islamic State are targeting vulnerable young people, who may be interested in what such groups have to offer

An individual vulnerable to radicalisation would show a change in their behaviour and those close to the person (e.g. teachers or family members) may notice, this could include spending vast amounts of time on the internet, bullying, race crime or anti-social behaviour. In extreme cases, it can lead to the individual committing an act of terrorism.

Many strategies are being put in place to tackle this problem, including the PREVENT programme (see Q941 for more details.) If you are concerned that someone you know is at risk of radicalisation, we would advise that you contact your local policing team via 101. Additionally, you can report suspicious online activity to GOV.UK - report online material promoting terrorism or extremism.


Answer

PREVENT is part of the Government's counter terrorism strategy which aims to stop people becoming or supporting terrorists and terrorists activities. It works with a wide range of sectors (educational, faith, criminal justice, charities etc.) offering appropriate support and advice where there are risks of radicalisation.

The strategy prioritises the work load according to the risk that is currently being faced - which at the moment is radicalisation and extremism.

If you wish to share a concern you can call the national police Prevent advice line in confidence on 0800 011 3764 9am to 5pm every day and speak with a specially trained officer. 

Please see the links in Related Information for further details. 


Answer

If you are involved in a terrorist incident, the main advice to remember is 'run, hide and tell.'

  • RUN -
  • Only if this is possible, do not put yourself in further danger.
  • Insist that others leave with you
  • Leave your belongings behind
  • Consider the safest route - is there a safe route?

 

  • HIDE -
  • If you cannot run, find cover from gunfire (e.g. behind substantial brick work)
  • Make sure the attacker cannot see or hear you - put your phone on silent and turn vibrate off
  • Be aware of your exits and try not to get trapped
  • Barricade yourself in and keep away from the door

 

  • TELL -
  • call 999 as soon as you get the chance
  • If you cannot speak, follow the call taker's instructions
  • Give any relevant information - location, description of attackers, casualties

The National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) provides further guidance, please see Related Information for a link to this.

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