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    Q577: What do the different categories mean on my licence?

    Driving licence categories on or after 19th January 2013

    Category

    Description

    Minimum age

    Notes

    AM

    Moped – two-wheel vehicles or three-wheel vehicles with a maximum design speed of over 25km/h and not more than 45km/h.

     

    Light quadricycle – with an unladen mass of not more than 350kg, not including the mass of the batteries in the case of electric vehicles, whose maximum design speed is over 25km/h and not more than 45km/h.

    16

     

    A1

    Motorcycles

    • A motorcycle with a cylinder capacity not exceeding 125cc, of a power not exceeding 11kW and with a power to weight ratio not exceeding 0.1kW per kg.
    • A motor tricycle with a power not exceeding 15kW.

    17

     

    A2

    Motorcycles – motorcycle of a power not exceeding 35kW, with a power to weight ratio not exceeding 0.2kW per kg and not derived from a vehicle of more than double its power.

    19

    10

    A

    Motorcycles

    • A motorcycle of a power exceeding 35kW or with a power to weight ratio exceeding 0.2kW per kg, or
    • A motorcycle of a power not exceeding 35kW with a power to weight ratio not exceeding 0.2kW per kg and derived from a vehicle of more than double its power.
    • A motor tricycle with a power exceeding 15kW.

    24

    1, 10, 11

    B1

    Four wheeled light vehicles – motor vehicles with four wheels up to 400kg unladen weight or 550kg for vehicles intended for carrying goods.

    17

     

    B

    Cars

    • Motor vehicles with a MAM not exceeding 3,500kg, designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver with a trailer up to 750kg.
    • As category B but with a trailer weighing more than 750kg. The total weight of the vehicle and trailer can't weigh more than 3500kg.

    17

    2, 11, 12

    BE

    Cars with trailers – combinations of vehicles consisting of a vehicle in category B and a trailer, where the combination does not come within category B, and the MAM of the trailer or semi-trailer does not exceed 3,500kg.

    17

     

    C1

    Medium sized vehicles – vehicles between 3500kg and 7500kg, designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver with a trailer up to 750kg.

    18

    5, 10

    C1E

    Medium sized vehicles and trailers – vehicles between 3500kg and 7500kg with a trailer over 750kg, designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver – combined weight not more than 12000kg.

    18

    3, 5, 10

    C

    Large goods vehicles  vehicles over 3500kg with a trailer up to 750kg, designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver.

    21

    3, 10

    CE

    Large goods vehicles with trailers – vehicles over 3500kg designed and constructed for the carriage of no more than eight passengers in addition to the driver with a trailer over 750kg.

    21

    3, 10

    D1

    Minibuses – vehicles with no more than 16 passenger seats in addition to the driver and with a maximum length not exceeding eight metres with a trailer up to 750kg.

    21

    4, 5

    D1E

    Minibuses with trailers – vehicles with no more than 16 passenger seats in addition to the driver and with a maximum length not exceeding eight metres with a trailer over 750kg, provided that the MAM of the combination formed does not exceed 12000kg.

    21

    4, 5

    D

    Buses – any bus designed and constructed for the carriage of more than eight passengers in addition to the driver, with a trailer up to 750kg.

    24

    4

    DE

    Buses with trailers – any bus designed and constructed for the carriage of more than eight passengers in addition to the driver, with a trailer over 750kg.

    24

    4

    p

    Moped – a motor vehicle with fewer than four wheels with a maximum design speed exceeding 45km/h but not exceeding 50km/h and which, if propelled by an internal combustion engine, has a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc.

    16

    6

    q

    Moped – a motor vehicle with fewer than four wheels which, if propelled by an internal combustion engine, has a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50cc and, if not equipped with pedals by means of which the vehicle is capable of being propelled, has a maximum design speed not exceeding 25km/h.

    16

    6

    f

    Agricultural tractors

    17

    7

    g

    Roadrollers

    21

    8, 10

    h

    Tracked vehicles

    21

    9, 10

    k

    Mowing machines or vehicles controlled by someone on foot

    16

     

     

    Note 1

    Age 24 or 2 years from date of Standard A2 test pass. Tricycle restriction code 79 (tri)/79(03) – this means restricted to tricycles.

    Note 2

    Age 16 if you are getting or have applied for Personal Independence Payment (PIP) (mobility component) at the enhanced rate.

    Note 3 

    You can drive at age 17 if you are a member of the armed forces. You can drive at 18 if one of the following apply:

    • you passed your driving test and Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (Driver CPC ) initial qualification
    • you are learning to drive or taking a driving test for this category or Driver CPC initial qualification
    • you are taking a national vocational training course to get a Driver CPC initial qualification
    • you had your driving licence before 10 September 2009, you must take the Driver CPC periodic training within 5 years of this date.

    Note 4
    You can drive at age 17 if you are a member of the armed forces.

     

    You can drive these vehicles at age 18 if one of the following apply:
    (i) If you are learning to either:

    • take your Passenger Carrying Vehicle (PCV) driving test, or
    • get your Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC )

    (ii) If you have passed a PCV driving test and Driver CPC initial qualification, you can drive if:

      • carrying passengers on a regular service where the route doesn't exceed 31 miles, or
      • not engaged in the carriage of passengers, or
      • driving a vehicle of a class included in sub-category D1
      • you don't drive a bus or minibus abroad.

    (iii) Since 10 September 2008, drivers passing a PCV test and driving under a bus operator's licence, or minibus permit, or community bus permit, you can drive if:

    • carrying passengers on a regular service where the route doesn't exceed 31 miles, or
    • not engaged in the carriage of passengers, or
    • driving a vehicle of a class included in sub-category D1
    • you don't drive a bus or minibus abroad.

    You can drive at age 20 after passing a PCV driving test and Driver CPC initial qualification.

     

    For further advice you can contact the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency by phoning 0300 200 1122.

     

    Age 21 for categories D and DE if:

    • the vehicle is being used by the fire service or for maintaining public order
    • undergoing road tests for repair or maintenance purposes, or
    • if you were entitled to drive the vehicle before 19 January 2013.

    Note 5

    If you passed your test for category B or B automatic before 1 January 1997 your licence will already show entitlement to C1, C1E (8.25 tonnes), D1 and D1E (not for hire or reward).

    Note 6

    National category only.

    Note 7

    At 16 you can drive tractors less than 2.45m wide. It must only pull trailers less than 2.45m wide with two wheels, or four wheels that are close-coupled.

    Note 8

    At 17 you can drive small roadrollers with metal or hard rollers. They must not be steam powered, weigh more than 11.69 tonnes or be made for carrying loads.

    Note 9

    You can drive at 17 if the MAM of the tracked vehicle is not more than 3,500kg.

    Note 10
    You can ride or drive at age 17 if you are a member of the armed forces.

    Note 11
    An exemption exists for the holder of category B, to drive large motor tricycles in category A if they are over 21 years of age.

    Note 12
    This applies to all category B licence holders regardless of the test pass date.

    MAM – means Maximum Authorised Mass.

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