Q355: Can quad bikes be used on the road?
Most quad bikes are only designed for off-road use. They do not conform to regulations in relation to tyres, lights, horn, speedometer etc. and it is therefore illegal to use them on a road.
However, there are some road legal quad bikes and in order to be used legally on the road they must be registered, taxed, insured, have an MOT (if needed) and the driver must hold the relevant licence. They must also comply with all the relevant requirements in the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 and the Road Vehicles (Lighting) Regulations 1989. A local quad bike dealer should be able to help you if you want to know whether your quad bike is road legal or alternatively contact the Department for Transport at;
The Department for Transport
Vehicle Standards and Engineering 4
Great Minster House
76 Marsham Street
Public Enquiry Telephone Number: 0207 944 3000
Fax Number: 0207 676 2166
You could also contact Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA ) for assistance. DVSA replaced the Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (VOSA ) in April 2014: https://www.gov.uk/contact-dvsa
USING A QUAD BIKE ON THE ROAD
To drive a quad on the road you will usually need to be at least 17 and either hold a category B (full car licence) or B1 licence if it was issued before 01.01.97.
Quad bikes used on the road must have a minimum of third party insurance cover.
Quad bikes must be registered and have a front and rear number plate.
Quad bikes that are used on the road will need an MOT if they are more than three years old.
Passengers can only be carried if the quad bike is designed to carry them. If you are in any doubt you will need to speak to the vehicle's manufacturer to see if it was designed for that purpose.
Drivers and passengers on quad bikes don't have to wear crash helmets but it is very much recommended that they do.
USING A QUAD BIKE ONLY OFF-ROAD
If a quad bike is used only off-road and never goes onto the public road the driver does not need a licence and the machine does not need to be taxed or registered. See more information in relation to protecting off-road vehicles from theft etc.
AGRICULTURAL QUAD BIKES
Quad bikes used for agricultural, horticultural and forestry work need to be registered as a light agricultural vehicle.
If an agricultural quad bike is used on the road it must be registered and insured but it won't require an MoT. Quads that are used for agricultural, horticultural or forestry work don't need to be taxed. However, if you do have to pay tax, the amount you pay will depend on what you use the vehicle for. If the quad is used on the road after dark it must comply with the relevant requirements of the Road Vehicles (Lighting) Regulations 1986, with regard to the fitting and use of lights.