Q361: Can my child use their electric scooter/bike, quad, go-ped, mini-moto, hoverboard or Segway on the road or pavement?
Electric scooters/bikes, quads, go-peds, mini-motos, hoverboards and Segways are all examples of vehicles that may be considered in legal terms to be motor vehicles and are therefore subject to all the usual legal requirements that apply to cars or motorcycles e.g. tax, insurance, registration and driver licensing. They cannot therefore be used on a road unless they conform to the law and many such vehicles will never be 'road legal' as their design fails to meet UK or EC road vehicle standards.
Electric bikes, known as electrically assisted pedal cycles (EAPCs) can be used on the road as long as it meets certain requirements and the rider is over the age of 14 years. It cannot be used on a pavement.
Electric scooters can be used on a road only if it is type approved for road use, is taxed and registered, the rider is insured and holds the appropriate driving licence.
Quads can be used on a road only if it is type approved for road use, is taxed and registered, the rider is insured and holds the appropriate driving licence.
Go-ped cannot be used on a road or a pavement.
Mini moto cannot be used on a road or pavement.
Hoverboard cannot be used on a road or a pavement.
Segway cannot be used on a road or a pavement.
Where the vehicles are not permitted to be used on the road/pavement or the requirements of the legislation are not satisfied to allow for this, then they can only be used on private land with the permission of the landowner.
They cannot be used on council land e.g. parks, unless there is a designated area specifically for them. In some areas there may be commercially operated parks where people can go to use such vehicles.
People think that because some of these vehicles are small they are toys and therefore the law doesn't apply but the legislation does not exempt 'toys' and the physical size of the vehicle is no great indicator of whether it's a child's toy.
If such vehicles are used on the road/pavement by young people, not only may the rider be committing a number of offences but their parents may also face prosecution for aiding and abetting or permitting the offences.